Tomorrow Is Too Long to Wait for Inclusion

Achieving Inclusion: What Every Parent Should Know When Advocating For Their Child

Achieving InclusionThe following is a PDF article that Julie Causton and Christi Kasi wrote which was produced with funds from the PA Developmental Disabilities Council (PA DDC) Educational Rights Grant.


“The family’s vision was clear. Nate would go to school in his neighborhood with the same friends with whom he ran through the sprinklers. Nate’s family wanted him to learn to read, make friends, and love school. The IEP team supported this vision until Nate entered high school. During his transition meeting from middle to high school, the principal informed Nate’s parents that he would now be attending the “life skills program.” This information shocked the family; why should Nate’s placement be changed when he had done so well in the general education classroom? The principal responded, “This is where students with Down syndrome are most successful. We focus on navigating the community and learning functional skills…” Dissatisfied with these reasons, Nate’s parents began learning how they could work with the IEP team to continue to support Nate’s successful participation in the inclusive classroom. Over a series of IEP meetings, the family carefully laid out their vision for Nate’s high school education, his desire to attend college, and the successful modifications from his middle school years. The team was reluctant, but after several hours of discussion about the importance of Nate receiving his education in the general education classroom, they agreed to support his inclusion. Nate is now a junior taking biology, creative writing, home economics, and world history alongside his peers.”

Click here to DOWNLOAD “Achieving Inclusion: What Every Parent Should Know When Advocating For Their Child” (PDF).

Download the PDF file .

For more from Julie Causton, visit her website, Inspire Inclusion. For more from Christi Kasi, visit her website, Inclusion University.

Why Advocating for Your Children Yourself is Always the Best Option

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A version of the post was originally published at

By Wilbur Hawke

Creating dependencies on others to do what all parents are capable of doing for themselves is such a disservice to families. Is the person calling themselves a parent advocate qualified to act on behalf of others?

Everyone should be an advocate for children, but representing families requires a totally different set of skills, training and expertise. Not being qualified to do so leads to passing on incorrect or incomplete information to others and can often cause harm by delaying an outcome required by a set process or being totally useless to achieve a needed service. What advocates do and how they do it directly impacts the lives of families. These well-meaning efforts to help others can often cause more harm than good. It is not enough to apply procedural process but often how it is done that can also have an equal impact on outcomes.

Looking at the broader impact can temper how we react to those from we are seeking services. One of the most valuable lessons taught me by my mentor was that in any form of debate always allow your opponent the ability to save face. It is difficult during emotionally charged confrontations not to want to punish the opponent when prevailing. You will find yourself interacting with the same entities at another date, so it is always best not to close doors that you have a need to pass through again.

What qualifies a person to be an advocate and act on behalf of others, sometimes requesting fees to do so? Unfortunately, there is no requirement of certification beyond that person’s self-proclaimed proficiency which most often is only that they too are a parent of a child with a disability. This can often lead to the assumption that a practice that works with one child with a particular disability will work with all children with the same disability. No two children are alike, and the reason the IEP is individualized in the first place. Based on their personal experience and previous interaction they may also bring negative history and adversarial working relationships with the team of individuals that will be working with you to serve your child.

Over the course of my career teaching parents self-advocacy skills, I was always quick to point out that you need to become your child’s advocate because only you know what is best for your child as only you know your child best.

There is nothing special about advocates beyond the time they took to learn procedural process, and their personal experience utilizing it. I have taught thousands of parents that process, so I know that the majority of parents can learn to become effective advocates. I have encountered only a minuscule group, in decades of teaching, that for some reason were incapable of doing this for themselves. It is not as difficult as most would have you believe it is. Learn to do the drill, the same repetitive procedural process once identified as eligible from age three until your child exits with a standard diploma or ages out at twenty two, regardless of what type of disability a child has.

I believe there needs to be some type of national certification established for paid disability advocates, and it is certainly recommended for those who do not charge. This would require an initial certification and periodic re-certification to retain an endorsement. If done properly, it would give families access to quality representation resulting in better outcomes and reduction in school /parent conflicts. Perhaps a group like Council of Parent Attorneys and Advocates (COPAA) or Parent Centers (Parent Center Network) could establish the levels of certification.

When it comes to representation of others being an income, there is a fine line to be walked as to who is benefiting from continued conflict and whether they are really acting as an attorney.

I do understand the need is greater than the resource when it comes to helping parents, but buyer beware as that service can also harm your child and you as parents. The best thing to do is to learn the procedural process and become an advocate yourself. Not only will this allow you to act on your child’s behalf without requiring anyone else to do it, but it will also give you the skills necessary to teach your child how to be their own advocate when that time comes.

This is why when asked “where can I find an advocate for my child”, my response will always be “find the closest mirror and have a good look”.

Photo Credit: Flickr

My name is Wilbur Hawke and I am a father of a son with a disability that is now grown, living independently, and a father himself. I have spent the last twenty years teaching other parents how to access the education system. I have also functioned in the capacity of parent liaison for our school district the last fourteen years. This gives me somewhat of a unique perspective from both sides of the table. I believe that parents and professionals working together provide the best outcomes for children and informed parents make the best choices for their families.
You can visit Wilbur’s blog at

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